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Administrative Reforms in Andhra Pradesh during Chandrababu Naidu period

Here are some of the administrative measures taken up by Chandrababu Naidu government to implement development policies effectively. At the operational level, the Government's role would be transformed into that of a ‘facilitator’ and enabler of self-governance. “In order to provide transparent and people friendly administration and the government machinery being accountable to the people, administration would be simplified and demystified through a comprehensive set of reforms”. Computerisation and social audit of all activities of each public department would provide all information and knowledge made available to the people. Janmabhoomi programme would intend a thorough reorientation of the government functionaries to enable them to adopt their redefined roles and make the system service oriented.

For all, those involved in the implementation of Janmabhoomi at various levels such as government functionaries, elected representatives, voluntary organisations, representatives of grassroots people’s institutions and community volunteers should be trained. Academics institutions are entrusted to play an important role in training the people, through participating in the Janmabhoomi programme, as part of socially useful and relevant work experience. “This would also include students of all the Intermediate and Degree colleges, I.T.Is, Polytechnics and the Universities in the state will be involved in the implementation by staying in the habitations allotted to them for a week every year”. This is also intended to build awareness among the people by students.

State government formed committees at each level with concerned people, officials and representatives to make accessible all institutions to the people at the time of implementation of Janmabhoomi programme. These are Janmabhoomi Volunteers Team, Gram Sabha, Habitation Level Committee, Mandal Level Committee, Municipal Level committee, District and State Level Committees.

At the each habitation level, JB Volunteers Team (JVT) will be formed headed by social animators to mobilise the people for participation in the core area activities. The most authoritative and substantive in terms of members is the Gram Sabha. As defined under section 6(2) of the A.P. Panchayat Raj Act: 1994, the Gram Sabha will consist of all persons whose names are include in the electoral rolls for the Gram Panchayat and such persons will be deemed to be the members of the Gram Sabha. Gram Sabha will be convened in every quarter and every meeting of the Gram Sabha will be convened by the Executive officer or the Sarpanch as executive authority or any other officer specially empowered in this regard by the District Collector and will be presided over by the Sarpanch or in his absence, by the Upa-Sarpanch of the Gram Panchayat.

Habitation Level Committee, third in the series of village level committees consist of twelve members, among Sarpanch of Gram Panchayat as chairperson and Habitation Level Officer as member-convener. The other members of the committee will be consists of MPTC, group leaders of DWCRA, CMEYgroups, Watershed Development Associations, Water User’s Associations, Vana Samrakshna Samithis, self-help group of wage seekers under EAS/JRY, president of VTDA in tribal sub-plan areas, members of the Gram Panchayat for the concerned habitation and representative of the N.G.O, if any working in the habitation.

At the Mandal level, there will be a Mandal Level Janmabhoomi Committee consisting of the MPP as chairman, Nodal Officer as member- convener, ZPTC, MRO and MDO as members. The members of the State Legislative Assembly will be ex-officio members in all the Mandal Level Committees falling within their respective jurisdictions. The Mandal Level Committees will meet once in a month to supervise and monitor the implementation of all the core area activities under Janmabhoomi at the Mandal level. The Nodal Officer, incharge of the Mandal will function under the administrative control of the District Collector and will furnish his quarterly self-appraisal report to the District Collector in the format prescribed by the government. Mandal Level Committee also acts as a resource centre to the Gram Panchayat Level Committees for obtaining information on various schemes and programmes.

In Municipalities, there will be a Municipal Level Committee consisting of the Municipal Mayor as head, Nodal Officer as member-convener and Deputy Mayor and the Municipal Commissioner as members. The MLAs of state will be ex-officio members in all the Municipal Level Committees, falling within their respective jurisdictions. The Municipal Level Committee will meet once in a month to supervise and monitor the implementation of Janmabhoomi in the urban areas. If the Mayor, for any reason does not participate, the Deputy Mayor would be the chairman of the Municipal Level Committee. If both of them decline to participate, the Nodal Officer will chair the committee. Municipal Commissioners will act as Nodal Officers in the concerned Corporation areas under Janmabhoomi.

At the District Level, the District Development Review Committee (DDRC) will review and monitor the implementation of activities under Janmabhoomi. Representatives of NGO’s, research institutions, Universities and private sector will also be invited to participate in the deliberations of the DDRC. The District Collector will coordinate with all the departments at the district level monitoring of all the core area activities under JB.

At State level there shall be Janmabhoomi Council headed by Chief Minister. The State Council of Ministers will review and monitor the implementation at the state level. The State Level Monitoring Cell located in the Planning Department will assist the Council of Ministers in this regard. The Council is expected to meet as often as possible to develop the conceptual framework, strategies and approaches to the programme of Janmabhoomi.

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