The institutional framework for Janmabhoomi program was intended to realise the people centered development process, which is the essential meaning of the whole programme. The Government, local bodies, grassroots people’s institutions, the facilitating agencies including NGOs, academic institutions and the people themselves can participate as equal partners to facilitate such a process. The main mechanisms for operationalisation of Janmabhoomi have been discussed in the following pages.
Before putting the programme in practice, the entire institutions- academic, government institutions, youth associations, women’s organisations, voluntary organisations, grassroots people’s institutions, local bodies, industrial establishment would be widely disseminating the philosophy of Janmabhoomi. The media, voluntary organisations, financial and research institutions will be motivated to define a clear role for themselves and participate in the Janmabhoomi programme.
Apart from this, special publicity and awareness campaigns would be taken up. The Janmabhoomi flag will be unfurled in all government institutions and Janmabhoomi song will be used as the prayer song in all educational institutions. The Janmabhoomi slogans will be painted on the walls of all government institutions, private institutions to popularise the values of Janmabhoomi. The values and principles of Janmabhoomi would be incorporated in the syllabus of the various classes.
As a part of the efforts to enable participatory planning at the grassroots level, local bodies would be strengthened through a policy of decentralisation. The Gram Panchayat will be the unit for planning in those sectors where it can act. Apart from ensuring full accountability to people, necessary financial devolution will also be made to local bodies. Towards this end, individuals, members of the local bodies, representatives of the grassroots people’s institutions would be sensitised about the significance and modalities of participatory planning. The process of change needs to be internalised by the institutions of local level.
Apart from constitutionally arranged measures to strengthen local bodies, Janmabhoomi programme is intended to develop appropriate support structures for achieving social mobilisation and capacity building. For this purpose, people are organised around specific interests such as Women Thrift and Credit Groups, youth groups under the Chief Minister’s Empowerment of Youth scheme, Vana Samrakshana Samithis (forest protection committees), Water User’s Associations, Watershed Development Committees and Village Education Committees at the village level.
The basic thrust of Janmabhoomi is to capacity building of these groups, to enable them to access and manage the local resources, to sensitise and train the people to take up participatory planning.